Head and Face Injuries in Brazilian Victims of Homophobic Crimes

Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Thaisy Sarmento Batista de Oliveira, Thaliny Batista Sarmento de Oliveira, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Thaiany Batista Sarmento de Oliveira, Alidianne Fabia Cabral Cavalcanti

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the occurrence of head and face injuries in victims of homophobic crimes. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at the Specialized Police for Homophobic Crimes. Data were collected from the 56 police and medical reports corresponding to reported cases of homicide against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual and transgender (LGBT, or sexual minority) in the period from May 2009 to July 2013. Variables studied related demographic profile of victims and patterns of trauma (type of arms, number of injuries and anatomical regions) were assessed. For bivariate analyses, the Chi-square and Fisher's exact, with significance level of 5% were used. Results: 89.3% were homosexuals and 42.9 were gays. Firearms were the type of arms most used (46.4%), followed by cold steel (30.4%). Most victims presented multiple lesions (87.5%) and 44.6% presented injuries in the head and face. There was a statistically significant association between injuries in the head and face and the type of arms (P=0.001). Conclusion: Victims of homicide were mostly homosexuals and the main types of arms were firearms and cold steel. Most victims presented multiple lesions and injuries in the head and face were common and more frequent among lesbians and transvestites.

Keywords


Maxillofacial Injuries; Head Injuries Penetrating; Sexual Minorities; Violence.

DOI: https://doi/org/10.14693/jdi.v25i2.1210

Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
<a target="_new" rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">
			<img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/80x15.png"/>
		</a>
		<br/>
		This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" target="_new" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0  License</a>.